Explaining the 5G Network

The world is rapidly evolving especially in terms of mobile technology. Mobile networks are continuously innovating ever since it was created to provide smoother experience to mobile users. The current fastest mobile network is the 4G+, LTE-A or 4.5G. However, whispers can be heard around the globe hinting at a better mobile network that could fix the constant problems with 4G networks! Behold, the 5G network!



Merely breaking it down, 5G means "fifth generation" of connectivity. 5G is under development, but it is a better version of the 4G networks that are currently in place and is said to offer multiple times faster speed than the current most rapid mobile internet system. But of course, 5G has a lot more to offer than that! You can read below the value adding service that 5G internet has to offer.




Each one of us encounters various lags as we proceed with our daily routines with our mobile phones. Some might be waiting for days and weeks for their movie to download. Some might be bored by the unending buffering YouTube videos or streaming videos. Some might even find it so frustrating to browse for their homework. Some gamers probably lost a few friendships due to crappy connection while playing online games. These are undeniably the usual dilemma we encounter with 4G network and its predecessors. The worst is we cannot even do anything about it – but let it pass and hope for a better connection after a short period.

Fortunately, 5G is on its way to bring us out of this misery. Think of it this way: One can download high definition movies with 4G in a day or two, however, in 5G the waiting time will be mere seconds. The difference is because of the network's download speed that is estimated to reach up to 10 Gbps - hundred times faster than that of what 4G networks offer which is only limited to 300 Mbps.

This significant change is not only limited to the download speed, but to your browsing experience as well. 5G will offer an estimated 7.5 Gbps to 10 Gbps browsing speed. Still way better than the 300 Mbps maximum browsing speed 4G networks can provide. Your whole browsing experience will entirely be better and unquestionably the best you could ever have.




The faster speed is also due to the increased bandwidth. Let me explain bandwidth through an allegory. Imagine bandwidth as a road that leads to your home and delivery cars as the data packets.


There are so many lanes on that busy road where delivery cars are traveling from one place to another. A user ordered cat pictures, and another one asked for a delivery of a state-of-the-art barbecue grill. Since the first user requested for a light file, the delivery personnel can just use the bicycle and did not hog the road. But since the second user asked for a massive state-of-the-art barbecue grill, a huge delivery van is needed which uses a lot of space from the narrow lane leading to the delivery location. Thus, there are now fewer lanes for others’ data to pass through. To make it simple, think of the traffic jams you will most likely encounter in a rush hour in an interstate highway.


We all share the network connection in one bandwidth. When a user requests a massive chunk of data (such as video streaming), the massive data packet takes up multiple lanes in the broadband, hogging up the connection and slowing other users down.


When there is not much of interference of speed in the bandwidth, users will experience peak speeds. 5G is around ten times faster from a peak-hour speed perspective. While a user can download 20 movies with 5G in a few minutes, a single film will not even make it with 4G in that span of time.


Latency, as defined by Techopedia, “is the total time it takes for a data packet to travel from one node to another.” Or simply, the pause between making a request, and the request to be followed through. In the gaming world, latency is referred to as "ping." For example, if the ping is 75 milliseconds, then the device will take 75 milliseconds to respond to requests from various game servers.


Smart devices of this generation need slow latency especially when these devices are made to communicate with one another to fulfill its purpose.


4G networks can only deliver a latency as low as 50 milliseconds. And that is not enough to suffice the network needs of today’s technology. The good thing is, 5G can deliver a one-millisecond latency. Shortly, there is going to be hardly any lags.



4G networks currently have coverage issues. 4G can only be accessible to urbanized areas. This implies that those living in reasonably remote areas will find the system inaccessible even though 4G was already launched for quite some time.

5G, as claimed by experts, is said to have the most extensive coverage, and accessible to almost anywhere. Although it might take some time to build the hardware to make this dream a reality, the result will surely be worth the wait. Who does not want a strong signal to connect to the internet, right?


However, while we assume the broader coverage of this network, manufacturers and carriers encounters challenges that defies the possibility of this perk to come true. 5G promises an increased bandwidth. If you have noticed, the 3G network is accessible to most places than 4G. This accessibility is because the system deployed lesser cells for the available bandwidth. While 4G networks became better than its predecessor, it implemented more cells for the bandwidth to reach the user. In simpler terms, more secondary cells lead to a bigger radius of the signal, and more cells lead to a smaller range of the signal and can be costly to carriers.

In general, 5G is indeed the game changer of our whole mobile experience. 5G's features will be so much better than the services 4G networks can offer. Further studies are needed to unleash the full capacity of the system without failing the public's demand and expectations.


Since 2008, NASA partnered with Machine-to-Machine Intelligence (M2Mi) Corp, specifically for the development of 5G technology. On the same year, South Korea looked at 5G mobile communication systems with the R&D program that they developed. New York University also founded NYU WIRELESS to focus on studying the details of 5G wireless network four years later.

Apart from that, there is only one device that is compatible to handle a 5G network, the latest Motorola phone. More and more companies are already investing and conducting trials to make 5G an actuality. Qualcomm and Intel are now working on 5G modems that would fit into different devices. Samsung and Huawei once planned to invest in the development of 5G. According to Forbes, the former intends to sell US £7 billion worth of 5G equipment by 2022. Meanwhile, the latter pledged to invest in the trials and development of 5G this year.

Other companies that invested in the development of this network are Nokia, Ericsson, and BT. In fact, these two created 5G platforms for the advantage of mobile carriers rather than the consumers.


Some of the partnerships and collaboration that were formulated through the years for the development of this network are by:

· BT and Nokia;

· Samsung and SK Telecom;

· Huawei and DOCOMO;

· Verizon, Qualcomm and Novatel; and lastly

· BT and Huawei.


As stated by the MIT Technology Review, the network will need high frequency. High frequency means faster speed in streaming, downloading, and connectivity. Higher frequencies are prone to obstruction and interruption (e.g., by the weather) due to its short waves. Data losses will also be at risk.


Like any other innovations, the launching of 5G also has its cost factor. As to what has been mentioned above, 5G aims to have more critical coverage than its predecessors. More cell towers should be built to produce an increased bandwidth with a larger radius than 3G and 4G.


Also, some devices cannot even support 4G connections – which implies that the launching of 5G might be patchy to devices.




Recently, the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) confirmed that the 5G network is under finalization. 5G-ready-devices will be out in the consumer market soon, probably by 2019. Hold on tight because we're almost there! As far as we can tell, researchers and experts probably found solutions to the problems aforementioned and are working to fix the issues before the technology will be rolled out to the mass market.



4G networks and its predecessors have their advantages and disadvantages. But it is beyond doubt that 5G features an entirely whole new level of mobile technology.


5G must be heaven for every one of us who are into the online world. However, some cases need further studies, trials, and errors to be conducted for its development.


As mentioned by Jennifer Wills, the first few countries who will inevitably adapt to 5G are the following:

• United States of America
• South Korea
• Sweden and Estonia
• Turkey
• Japan
• China


Due to technology being an essential element in our daily lives, countries are being continually competitive in the global economy, not allowing themselves to be outdated from the latest technology and thus pouring in a lot of money to research. These countries aim to improve the lives of their people, and that pertains to giving us the services we deserve that is cost-efficient. 5G does not only offer us solutions to improve pre-existing technology, rather, it will provide us with NEW technology options. There will be more and more exciting technological breakthrough by the moment 5G becomes accessible and many industries will be most likely affected.


Possibly, the public will start to experience a few wonders of 5G by the end of 2018. Mobile carriers are now making their move to carry out their plans and manufacturers are also inventing 5G-ready devices to go out on sale later this year. By that time, people's dream of the crazy fast internet will no longer remain as a dream. Instead, it will already become commonplace in the society. For more information about 5G, you can visit www.xyzies.com

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12 Oct 2018

By XYZies